This is a prototype of a spiral galaxy with a central bar. Some spiral galaxies have a central bar, others don't, but NGC 1300 definitely has a beautiful one. You can see many star-forming regions with their red emission nebulae and the central bulge of the galaxy, a spherical region, densely packed with many very old stars.
NGC 1300 is 61 million light years away from us in the constellation of Eridanus. The galaxy's diameter is about 110 000 light years; it's a bit larger than our Milky Way.