Thumb comet 67p churyumov gerasimenkoon 3 august 2014
Comet 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko
Most of the asteroids in our Solar System live in the so-called asteroid belt between the planets Mars and Jupiter. Asteroids are remnants of the birth of our Solar System; they are minor planets that have not grown big enough to become a protoplanet or a planet. The reason that the asteroids in the asteroid belt have not grown into a proper planet is the gravitational influence of Jupiter whose orbital resonances excited and ejected most of the asteroids.

Sometimes collisions between the many millions of asteroids alter their orbits to a more elliptical trajectory. After such a collision a few approach the Earth; they are called near-Earth asteroids. Even worse: some asteroids cross the Earth's orbit - these are the so-called Apollo asteroids. These Apollo asteroids are responsible for most of the impact events and most of the meteorites that have fallen on Earth. A very famous impact event was the Chicxulub event: the impact that caused the extinction of the dinosaurs and opened the way for some rat-like mammals to evolve within 'just' 65 million years to a species called Homo sapiens. The Chelyabinsk meteorite is the remnant of a very well-documented recent meteorite fall in 2013.

Comets are composed of ice, dust and rocky particles; that's why they are also called 'dirty snowballs'. They originate from outside Neptune's orbit. When they approach the Sun the solar radiation and solar winds cause a tail of particles which makes them visible in the night sky even to the naked eye. They orbit as long as all of their volatile material has evaporated away.

Don't miss our article about dwarf planets and and asteroids, meteoroids, meteors, meteorites and comets.

Click on an image below to see it full size
Comet 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko Comet 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko
Itokawa Itokawa
Dwarf Planets Dwarf Planets
A  Collection of Asteroids and Comets A Collection of Asteroids and Comets
Ida and Dactyl Ida and Dactyl
Comet Hartley 2 Comet Hartley 2
Pluto Pluto
Pluto Close Up Pluto Close Up
Pluto with Norgay and Hillary Montes Pluto with Norgay and Hillary Montes
Floating Hills on Pluto's Sputnik Planum Floating Hills on Pluto's Sputnik ...
Ceres Ceres

All text and articles published by Sun.org are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
Published by Published or last modified on 2015-02-18